Shaping Vancouver 2017: The Future of Heritage in Vancouver

Conversation 3: Subcultural Heritage – Emergence of Social Diversity and the Creation of Heritage

As part of the Shaping Vancouver 2017 series, this session focused on the subcultural heritage in Vancouver. By definition, subcultures are oppositional in nature and exist outside of the mainstream. As they fight for changes and recognition, these marginal cultural practices may assimilate and change society as a whole in the long term. Various subcultures have emerged and taken root in Vancouver such as punk rock, the LGBTQ community, hippies, the Georgia Straight, and Greenpeace and environmentalism. Sarah Currie initiated a panel discussion that focused on the heritage of these subcultures and the identities formed and discussed how these could be recognized and protected. A short audience question period followed.

Board member of the Heritage Vancouver Society. She is a strategic and goal-oriented professional with a proven ability to develop and nurture relationships with corporate executives, industry stakeholders, government officials and consultants. She has a strong background in not-for-profit management, including capacity building, board governance and stakeholder engagement. An engaging speaker with a passion for people and place. Having moved to Vancouver in 2013, Sarah has worked for Heritage BC, Earthvoice Strategies Inc. and more recently as a Communications and Engagement Specialist at the UBC Sustainability Initiative.  Sarah is currently working with PFM Executive Search as their Research Consultant, specializing in strategic planning, corporate social responsibility and executive search recruitment.
Kelty McKerracher

Community-engaged artist and Expressive Arts Therapist. Growing out of her work in harm reduction, she founded Illicit, a community-led performance project addressing the opioid overdose crisis. As the Program Manager of the Community Arts Council of Vancouver, she co-founded the Reframing Relations program bringing Indigenous and non-Indigenous artists together to spark dialogue about reconciliation. She is an advocate for the role of the arts and the knowledge held by communities in shaping the city.

Kevin Dale McKeown

His career in journalism, media relations, and event management began as the Georgia Straight’s first openly gay columnist in 1970. After nearly two decades as a gay news columnist and as an arts and culture reporter for a myriad of publications, Kevin began a second career as a cultural event marketer. More recently, Kevin has revisited the stories of the early days of Vancouver’s gay community with a column for Xtra West, and has also been involved with media relations and community engagement for a number of different advocacy initiatives including Alliance News. As a result of a long and varied career, Kevin was inducted into the Q Hall of Fame Canada in 2011.

Michael Turner

Vancouver-based writer of fiction, criticism and song.

Monty Wood

Attendee at both the official UN congress and the non-governmental forum at Habitat I, and the UN’s first conference on human settlements in Vancouver of May 1976.

 Broader conceptions of heritage can include acknowledge of intangible practices – how does this concept of intangible heritage hold relevance in what you do?

Kelty McKerracher responded that we first need to recognize the heritage we live within, as there are histories that precede the heritage we usually talk about when we talk about the city. She added that recognizing and engaging in learning about heritage is the most important part of her work as a community-engaged artist – she noted that there are incredible artists who have highlighted the richness of community by creating art with the people within their neighborhoods. Kevin Dale McKeown stated that one of the challenges faced by the LGBTQ community is that their spaces were found, and not purposefully made for them – after the LGBTQ community left, there was no memory of that heritage, and there has not been much discussion on how to reconcile this. He stated that oral traditions are important, but one of the specific challenges is that the LGBTQ culture was transgressing, and convincing the powers that their spaces were worth preserving was hard to do – in other words, it is difficult to retain connections to historic places, and it is difficult to find ways to gift these memories to people who did not experience them.

Michael Turner, mentioning his background in alternative music and the literary scene of Vancouver, spoke about the changes in spaces of artist-run culture, event programming, and alternative music. He touched upon the challenge in displaying intangible heritage, stating that intangible culture informs the making of the object, which is unseen in culture – these unseen elements can be made available through interviews and told stories. Michael Turner then suggested that introducing civics in public education could promote urban subjectivity and social responsibility, and encourage the youth to think of the city not just as a market, but as a place to live – heritage could be used as an education tool and a talisman for a livable city. Monty Wood discussed his experience with the Habitat First Forum in 1976 – he described this as an important event for Vancouver because it was the first time planners came together to address social problems and imbalances in urban societies. The urban planners came together at a recycled facility of old airplane hangars leftover from WWII on Jericho Beach – however, if you walk down Jericho today, there is only a small sign and a few posts left.


What are your thoughts on spaces that were important for a particular subculture, but no longer exist? What role does space play in what you do?

Kevin Dale McKeown responded with the example of the Granville Mall – the construction of this building erased earlier heritage, the heritage of other people. During the 60s and 70s, this space held importance to many groups in underground cultures, including the LGBTQ community. There is a similar experience today with the Downtown Eastside and in Chinatown, where one group is attempted to establish dominance over a space and erase someone else’s heritage. Michael Turner articulated the distinction between place as a marker, as places as mutability – there are many communities going through the same place. For example, the Japanese Hall on Alexander Street constructed in 1928 was built from another building, and this space was where the first punk rock concert was held in Vancouver – this is part of the space’s history, and it is part of the stories told. He then said that groups move through spaces in a city and form a geometry, and this experience of heritage could be commemorated. Kelty McKerracher responded that, while she personally had not experienced such stories, she felt a curiosity to search for a sense of belonging in the city. She then said that through art, some communities can reclaim their space, even if there is no lasting mark made. There are many memories left unknown, which can lead to a sense of loss and dislocation, but there is also a need to acknowledge the revitalization of certain spaces. Kelty McKerracher also stated that there was a responsibility of the city to support work that allowed people to come together and create work to serve as a collective memory.


Considering commemorations – why is there a fractured city and a fractured subculture? What are the real ways one can reenergize this sort of topic?

Monty Wood first responded that Vancouver is a very interesting city – Vancouver has an attractive post-quality and seems easily understood, leading to curiosity and interest that draws people in. Kevin Dale McKeown added that an explanation for the fragmentation of the city and the various communities is a lack of communication, despite the fact that there were many spaces that many communities flowed through. He mentioned a specific location on Davie Street, which was the site of the first drag bar in Vancouver, then became a famous folk club in the 60s, then a basement of a restaurant. The same owner later opened a gay club and live jazz music club on Hastings Street, which was also the same location of a prominent gay club in the 50s. He then concluded that many communities create a repository of memories in the same space. Michael Turner answered that money and speculation were key elements in fragmentation, and the lack of interest in the past is because there is no money in it. He described a temporary interest in Vancouver’s past in 2007 with Fred Herzog’s photography exhibition of Vancouver in the 50s; however, he reiterated that market forces were pervasive, and caused gaps in society due to people leaving out of hope or dread. Kelty McKerracher responded that demolition of venues, such as art spaces, social housing, and cultural spaces, showed the values promoted by the city today. She described Chinatown as an expression of tangible and intangible heritage – 800 Block in East Hastings was a punk venue, and later became known as Hastings Dance for its flamenco dance space; however, this space, which was valuable for a small community, is now owned by Chip Wilson and is no longer open to the public. Kevin Dale McKeown also added that efforts to save spaces is often hindered by economic forces and political will.

Considering trying to preserve spaces and memories – how would you like to see these intangible heritages preserved and continued?

Monty Wood answered that in the 70s, each community in Vancouver had an information centre where small committees were formed to generate opinions, and these gave ideas to neighbourhood planners for new directions for new spaces – it would be nice for these to return. Michael Turner responded that the way to preserve is to make things matter and convince people that things matter – he reiterated his earlier suggestion of making civic matters part of the curriculum in public schools. Kevin Dale McKeown suggested using commemoration is spaces as an informative tool of the history of a space, or activating spaces again – why don’t musicians gather again in Basement Street? He added that it was important to make sure that everyone knew everyone else’s history; walking tours in areas like Chinatown could be an example. Kelty McKerracher responded that more mischief was needed, and this energy needed to be harnessed and expressed – adding fun into serious matters would motivate others to act, and there is a necessity to add more energy into life, into neighbourhoods, and into the city itself.

Questions from the audience

Heritage is more than about the buildings, it is about the people – in the subcultures mentioned, where does the community play a role in subcultural heritage?
Kelty McKerracher answered that we need to be realistic about artists and gentrification; activities like community-led arts can prioritize groups who address these issues. She also spoke about the harm reduction movement in Vancouver, describing it as a rich culture and community with its own buildings, but it is not concerned about heritage building conservation, it is focused on supporting grassroots movements. Kevin Dale McKeown gave an example of Davie Street – there are few places of significance for the LGBTQ community today, as people grow up now in a more accepting world and they don’t feel the need for a gay bar, gay club, or gay team. This is not necessarily a bad thing, because it was not an ethnic community that brought a culture from somewhere else; this culture came out of marginalization, and as this lessens, it will be harder to hang onto these neighbourhoods. Then maybe, it’s even more to commemorate these spaces now. Monty Wood added that markers and small commemorations can always be reinterpreted, and people can celebrate the owner, or the individual personality of the building.


Where can subcultures live? Because places are hard to maintain in an ever-changing city, technological innovations can make it easier to learn about the history of the space.
Michael Turner responded that it is easy to conceptualize technology, but it can take away from the essence of the city – replacing the experience of the space with a space-less technological experience.

The word ‘preserve’ implies that something is static and not living; the word ‘enable’ allows us to assume that everything is constantly changing, and allows different voices to be heard.

Michael Turner agreed, adding that we can preserve values we hold without the constraints of finance and political space. Kelty McKerracher also added that the word ‘animate’ could also be used.


Plaques can be updated to keep their effectiveness - what is the economics of the government for conservation of heritage space? The amount of money allocated for the arts? Cultural appropriation versus appreciation? Tolerance versus intolerance?
Kevin Dale McKeown responded to the first two questions, stating that there were many different parts of government involved. There is municipal responsibility, which Vancouver is very positive about, however the BC government has some of the lowest per-capita contribution to the arts, though the new BC government has proposed a doubling of funding for the BC Arts Council. Kelty McKerracher responded next, stating that it needed to be brought to attention that there were no indigenous people on the panel though everyone had spoken in a spirit of friendship; cultural appropriation and appreciation is linked to relationships, and there needs to be mutual investment of time. Michael Turner added that one could look at The Mainlander, which is a social criticism magazine that covers culture ecology and the political economy of the city.


Vancouver used to have buildings made of wood, and wood decays – with respect to tools such as technology and plaques, how can the future preserve the past?
Michael Turner responded that the National Film Board released a piece about Hogan’s Alley, which was demolished for construction of viaducts. This piece constructed a 3-D recreation and live-projected the framework of a play, thus technology is available to highlight the past. Kevin Dale McKeown said that there was urgency in obtaining the stories from people who have lived through their experiences. Moderator Sarah Currie added that she had previously worked on an app that turned a castle tour into an animated experience, though there is the need for resources to develop such ideas. Kelty McKerracher answered that because she was an analog person, she believed in sensory aspects of experience, and real experience of social life is needed to foster genuine social connections.


We acknowledge the financial assistance of the Province of British Columbia. Thank you to SFU’s Vancity Office of Community Engagement for co-presenting the series.

All photo credits go to roaming-the-planet.